hassan ii mosque history

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November 29th, 2020

Hassan II Mosque. Elle est construite sous le règne et les directives du roi Hassan II. Elle est surmontée d'une toiture mobile de 3 400 m2 et de 1 100 t, cette dernière est une structure métallique tridimensionnelle recouverte de bois de cèdre sculpté et peint, elle s'ouvre en 5 minutes grâce à un système de roulement à roues automotrices, elle permet (selon le vœu de feu roi Hassan II), de relier cet édifice à l'air, considéré comme l'un des quatre éléments bénéfiques à la vie (terre, eau, feu et air). Le parking est situé sous l'esplanade de la Mosquée, il a une capacité de 1 000 places et est accessible par deux voies indépendants depuis le rond-point en surface. [2] However, the building was not completed on schedule which delayed inauguration. At 210 metres (690 ft) in height the minaret is the second tallest minaret in the world. La salle de prière peut accueillir 25 000 fidèles1 d'une superficie totale de 20 000 m2. nécessaire]. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Other elements come from the Tour Hassan Mosque, the Dome of the Rock (also known as Qubbat al Sakhra 688–692 AD), the Great Mosque of Madina (705–710 AD), Kairouan Mosque in Tunisia (663 AD), the Great Mosque of Damascus (705–715 AD), the Great Mosque of Cordoba (785–786 AD), Quarawiyyin Mosque (956 and 1135 AD) in Morocco, the Great Mosque of Tlemcen (1136), and Djamaa el Kebir (1096). With its minaret that rises to 200 m in height and has a 30km laser directed towards Mecca, it is considered to be the highest religious building in the world. La mosquée Hassan-II est l'une des plus grandes mosquées au monde, conçue par l'architecte Michel Pinseau, elle a été édifiée par le groupe français Bouygues et la maîtrise d'ouvrage a été assurée par l'ex-ministère de l'Intérieur Driss Basri. nécessaire]. This is expected to enhance the building's life by 100 years. Les coupoles en bois de cèdre ont été fixées sur des charpentes réalisées avec 971 t d'acier inoxydable et suspendues à la structure en béton armé. The Hassan II Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني‎, French: Grande Mosquée Hassan II) is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. Érigée en partie sur la mer, elle est un complexe religieux et culturel, aménagée sur neuf hectares et comporte une salle de prières, une salle d'ablutions, des bains, une école coranique (madrasa), une bibliothèque , un musée[1] et une Académie des arts traditionnels[2]. [16] Tadelakt, a plastering technique which adds egg yolks and black soap into mixed plaster, was used in the hammam baths. "[12], The prayer hall is on the ground floor. Structural deterioration in the concrete wall was observed ten years after the mosque's completion. [13] It weighs 1100 tons and can be opened in five minutes; it measures 60 metres (200 ft) high, with an area of 3,400 square metres (37,000 sq ft). La mosquée Hassan-II ([1]arabe : مسجد الحسن الثاني (masjid al-Hassan ath-thani)) est une mosquée située à Casablanca (Maroc). [22] The concrete used for the minaret was a special high-grade type, which could perform well under severe conditions of a combined action of strong wind and seismicity. The museum opened its doors to the public after the construction of the mosque. Therefore, the faithful who go there to pray, to praise the creator on firm soil, can contemplate God's sky and ocean. Les revêtements de marbre et granit d'origine marocaine représentent 50 hectares de superficie avec une épaisseur moyenne de 14 cm. [21] This enabled the building of a taller structure with due underpinning of the foundation, while adhering to the construction schedule. [5] The ablution room and a vast public hammam are in the basement, with its own entrance. [9] The smallest contribution was 5 DH. King Hassan II had requested for the best of the country's artisans to come forward and submit plans for a mausoleum to honour the departed king; it should "reflect the fervor and veneration with which this illustrious man was regarded." A masterpiece of Arab-Muslim architecture, the Hassan II Mosque is one of the most beautiful religious buildings in the world. [10] Its environmental advantage is that it is free of noise and pollution and receives a fresh breeze from the sea.[4]. The decorations in the hall are elaborate and exquisite made possible by involving 6000 master artisans of Morocco working on it. [citation needed] Its minaret is the world's second tallest minaret at 210 metres (689 ft). Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. [8], The prayer hall is built to a rectangular plan of 200 metres (660 ft) length and 100 metres (330 ft)[20] width with three naves, which are perpendicular to the qibla wall. [21] The roof is covered with cast-aluminium tiles, (similar to the Fez tiles), stronger and more reliable than traditional ceramic tiles, and about 35 percent lighter. So there is an error, somewhere. Hassan II, king of Morocco from 1961 to 1999. Pour la construction du minaret, une grue d'une hauteur record de 210 m a été mise en place. La mosquée est ornée de 124 fontaines et vasques en marbre. Pour l'édification du bâtiment contenant la salle de prière, le minaret et la madrasa, douze grues à tour de 220 t/m et huit grues mobiles ont été installées. Called B.H.P (highly resistant concrete), it offers a resistance to compression value of 1200 bars per sqcm (claimed to be a world record) and has a very quick setting time. The building was commissioned by King Hassan II to be the most ambitious structure ever built in Morocco. The Hassan II Mosque: It is a mosque in ... 25,000 inside the mosque hall and another 80,000 on the mosque’s outside ground. La réalisation de l'ensemble de l'œuvre a mobilisé environ 10 000 ouvriers et artisans effectuant plus de 80 millions d'heures de travail[5]. [21], Effective restoration works were instituted in April 2005. [17] A particular feature in the mosque is that all structures are made of reinforced cement concrete and all decorations are of traditional Moroccan design. The traditionally designed madrasa occupies an area of 4,840 square metres (52,100 sq ft) including the basement. [21], Minaret's reflection on the Atlantic water. All of the granite, plaster, marble, wood and other materials used in the construction, were extracted from around Morocco, with the exception of some Italian white granite columns and 56 glass chandeliers. Cranes were also designed to suit the height of the minaret for concreting. [18] The mosque has capacity to accommodate 25,000 devotees for prayers in the main hall and another 80,000 in the plaza squares around it. "[9] The 41 fountains[11] in the courtyard are all well decorated. Even though the many structural changes were made as per detailed design, still during execution of works, 100 external pillars, called “combs” because of their wave breaking characteristics, were exposed to salt water and wave action and had to be replaced with new pillars. It is so large that it can easily accommodate the house of the Notre Dame of Paris or St Peter's of Rome. These were made from high-strength concrete with 2205 stainless steel reinforcements. Gros plan sur l'une des grandes portes de la mosquée. Earlier in this article, under "Architecture and Fittings" it is said that the whole building is 200 m long. La mosquée Hassan-II (arabe : مسجد الحسن الثاني (masjid al-Hassan ath-thani)) est une mosquée située à Casablanca (Maroc). [21] This was explained as being due to exposure to the salt water of the Atlantic Ocean, into which nearly half of the mosque’s foundation projects.

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