russian genitive case adjectives

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November 29th, 2020

For example, I want a new chair and a new letter - Я хочу новый стул и новое письмо. For example, I want a new rabbit - Я хочу нового кролика. For example, 'They like to live in big red houses' - Они любят жить в больших красных домах. For example, 'They were in the old Russian school' - Они были в старой русской школе. Similarly, feminine adjectives in the dative actually are identical to their prepositional form (and their instrumental and genitive forms as well): -ой, unless the stem ends in the 5-letter rule, or the adjective ends in the soft ending, in which case -ей. If you already know any of these topics, you can go straight to the … (for a girl). Most other endings come in pairs. Those which end in -ий have -ими. As a memory aid, these are the two letters that feminine nouns take on in the accusative case. The Hard Adjectives The hard adjectives have the suffix “-ый”, “-ой”, and “-ий”. In English we often indicate this with an apostrophe (‘s), or the word “of”. There is also a short-form adjective, рад ('glad'), which has no long form. 81 Shares In order to form the Genitive of an adjective, you will follow these 3 steps: (At the end of this page you will find an explanation on how to read the table In Russian the possessor always follows the object it possess. [table] [tr][th]Masculine[/th] [th]Feminine[/th] [th]Neuter[/th] [th]Plural[/th][/tr] [tr][td]-ого[/td] [td]-ой[/td] [td]-ого[/td] [td]-ых[/td][/tr] [/table] You just need to change the ending of the adjective with–ого for masculine, -ой for feminine,-ого for neuter, and –ыхif the noun is plural. Here is a further example of a hard adjective in Russian. If you already know the prepositional form, you will see this is prepositional form, with an у attached. How do you say in Russian "There is no fresh juice" Нет свежий сок Нет свежего сока 3. In Russian language, there are six cases. (0095g) Genitive of nouns and adjectives. The Russian genitive of feminine nouns is fairly straightforward, although following the spelling rules in Russian, all of the feminine nouns end in either -ы or -и in the genitive singular. Notice that this is the same ending for masculine animate adjectives in the accusative case. To make the short form of any adjective, just remove the ending. The Russian genitive case has many functions: we use it to illustrate possession, to talk about a part of something, after numerals, and with certain prepositions such as без (without), для (for, to), после (after) and so on. Master Russian adjectives with this complete guide to usage, including declension, short versus long adjective forms, the Russian comparative and superlative and more. The genitive case is used for the singular form of cardinal numbers 2, 3, and 4. Feminine adjectives have the same ending as in the genitive, dative, and instrumental cases: -ой, or, if the adjective ends in the 5-letter rule or the soft ending, -ей. The genitive case is relatively easy, especially compared with how nouns decline in this case. The dictionary form of a Russian adjective is normally the normal, nominative, masculine form. Thus, it translates to Я написал письмо ему. If in doubt, use the long form. Plural adjectives are like plural nouns in the dative form, in that they're the same as their instrumental cousins, only without the end и. Adjectives use the same ending for both masculine and neuter nouns: -ого. Plural adjectives in the prepositional end in -ых. If you already know any of these topics, you can go straight to the … Masculine adjectives take the nominative form if their noun is inanimate, and neuter adjectives always take their nominative form. For example, 'They were talking about a good new cinema' - Они говорили о хорошем новом кино (note that кино, 'cinema', is indeclinable). The amount of Russian genitive case exceptions is really huge, that’s why this case is the most hated one. Luckily, they’re less difficult than the regular nouns. There are six cases, and so six main ways of conjugating adjectives to fit the noun they modify. Adjectives in the Russian genitive case are difficult as well. To form masculine and neuter adjectives, the ending is -ым. (0063g) Genitive case. How to put nouns into the Genitive Case; When and how you should use the Genitive Case to make sentences in Russian; Adjectives in the Genitive Case; Possessive Pronouns in the Genitive Case. Today, let’s look at the Russian possessive pronouns in the Genitive. If the adjective ends in the 5-letter rule (ш, щ, ч, ж, ц) or the soft ending (-ний), they end in -ему. However, if the modified masculine noun is a person or animal, then both it and its adjectives take the genitive form. (for a boy) or Я счастли́вая! In other words, dative plural adjectives end in -ым, unless they end in the 7-letter rule (г, к, х, ш, щ, ж, ч), in which case the ending is -им. Adjectives in Russian language agree with nouns in gender, number, and case. By contrast, short adjectives describe something transient, fleeting, or temporary.

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